Almost all wine cultivation the world over can be traced back to the Phoenician settlements in the south of Spain. But in all these records, the mention of Tempranillo
is infrequent. This continued even in the later years when vineyards flourished all over Spain. The most likely possibility for the introduction of the Tempranillo grape into the Americas is by the Spanish Conquistadors in the 17th century. This can be seen in the genetic similarities between the Tempranillo and the Criolla grapes grown in Argentina. Despite its fragile start, Tempranillo has become quite well travelled in recent centuries and has firmly established its presence the world over. Although it entered the United States and specifically California in 1905, the hot and dry climate combined with it still being the era of Prohibition meant that Tempranillo did not thrive at that time. It is only since the 80s that this wine has begun to gain a firm foothold in Californian vineyards.